International Treaties, Laws & Resources:
People coming to buy land are forewarned that land title in Hawaii is clouded by the violent takeover of the Hawaiian Kingdom and the systematic marginalization of the Hawaiian people & Hawaiian culture through colonization, displacement, resettlement, and illegal US military occupation.
see also UN website focused on rights of indigenous peoples
see also The UN Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues
see also International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs - IWGIA
see also Sources of funding for Indigenous Peoples
see also Analysis & background (UN Office of Legal Affairs)
US Special Commissioner James H. Blount was given paramount US authority as liaison in the Hawaiian Islands,
including discretion to land or withdraw military forces - but deployment only if US citizen protection were necessary.
(Blount:) "if the question of annexation was submitted to a popular vote... I am satisfied that it would be defeated
by a vote of at least two to one. If the votes of persons claiming allegiance to foreign countries were excluded,
it would be defeated by more than five to one."
In his message to the U.S. Senate, Pres. Cleveland cites internal US State Department correspondence sent by
US Minister to the Kingdom of Hawaii John J. Stevens to Secretary of State John W. Foster (1 Feb. 1893):
"The Hawaiian pear is now fully ripe and this is the golden hour for the United States to pluck it."
Pres. Cleveland ultimately insists on amnesty for the plotters, but decries "an act of war...a substantial wrong..."
US Minister John J. Stevens is quoted (24 Nov 1892):
"The time is at hand when we must decide who shall hold these islands"
The New York Times correspondent is quoted:
"...in landing United States forces and employing them to assure success to the seizure of power by a few persons,
this country did something which a sense of justice and fairness required that we should disavow and seek to repair."
- Path of Public Law No: 103-150 = U.S.A. Apology to Native Hawaiians
- U.S. Senate Vote on apology to Native Hawaiians for overthrow of the Kingdom
- Implications of the Apology Resolution and Rice v. Cayetano
- Briefing on Native Hawaiian Government Reorganization Act of 2005
On behalf of the Acting Government of the Hawaiian Kingdom
see also UN website focused on natural resources sovereignty
see also UNESCO pamphlet on Cultural Diversity importance (.pdf)
Due Diligence for Investors:
Those seeking capital gains from purchasing Hawaiian property should note the substantial risk of investment loss. Even minor community disquiet could quickly lead to a very abrupt drop in real estate values & sudden lack of investment liquidity.
Help the HI Alliance !
Here's the way ahead
Dr. Bruce Henry Lambert